Corporate Overview Company HistoryBillabong was founded on Australia's Gold Coast in 1973 by surfer and surfboard shaper Gordon Merchant and his then partner, Rena. Those early days were rather inauspicious, with the pair designing boardshorts at home, cutting them out on the kitchen table and then carting the finished product around to the local surf shop to sell.
The business found immediate traction, with surfers drawn to the superior functionality of the Billabong boardshorts. They were also far more durable courtesy of the unique triple-stitching technique developed by Gordon.
The next step for the fledgling brand was to introduce the better local surfers to Billabong and incorporate them in the marketing of the brand. Company-sponsored contests and special events would later follow.
By the 1980s, Billabong had firmly established its place in Australian surf culture and was ready for international expansion. The initial focus was on the large North American market and, again, the brand enjoyed success.
Sales began to grow in other offshore markets, licenses were granted in a number of territories including New Zealand, Japan and South Africa, and in the late 1980s a new beachhead was established in Europe.
Through the 1990s the surf industry grew exponentially and professional surfing gained a newfound respectability. The company also followed its core customers into other boardsports markets, including skate, snow and wake, where it replicated its proven business model. By the close of the decade, Billabong had been restructured to capitalise on the growing global opportunities in the boardsports sector.
The restructure set the foundation for an initial public offering in Australia in mid 2000. The move saw the company's shares publicly listed on the Australian Securities Exchange in August of that year. This gave the company greater impetus and the financial capacity to grow the business.
Some seven months after the public float the company demonstrated its growth plans with the acquisitions of the Von Zipper sunglasses brand and, four months later, the emerging Element Skateboards brand. The successful integration of those businesses saw the company add to its stable of brands in following years, with Honolua Surf Company acquired in January 2004, Kustom footwear and Palmers Surf in September 2004, a controlling interest in the beachculture airport-retail business in November 2005 (later converted to 100% ownership) and Nixon watches and accessories in January 2006. Other businesses were also established, including the Element footwear range and various branded retail stores around the world.
In 2007 the Group continued to build its brand portfolio with the acquisitions of the specialist wetsuit brand Xcel and girls swimwear brand Tigerlily. This was followed in 2008 with the acquisition of the Sector 9 skateboard brand and the DaKine premium boardsport accessories brand.
In late 2009 the Company formally entered the online sales channel through the acquisition of US-based boardsport retailer Swell.com and the purchase of an interest in Australia's Surfstitch.com. In March 2010 the Company enhanced its skate offer through the signing of an agreement to license the California-based Plan B skateboard brand. This was followed in July 2010 by the acquisition of the California-based RVCA brand, the completion in September of the acquisition of the West 49 retail chain in Canada and the completion of the acquisitions of Australia's Jetty Surf, Surf Dive 'n' Ski (SDS) and Rush retail banners in November.
In April 2012 Billabong completed the transfer of its Nixon brand into a new joint venture company. The joint venture saw Nixon become an independent business owned by Billabong International and Trilantic Capital Partners (each holding approximately 48.5%) and Nixon management holding the balance of approximately 3%.
In July 2013 Billabong completed the sale of its DaKine brand to Altamont.